As the name indicates, This blog will be compensating the aforementioned term ”Alcohols”. Alcohols are one of the most demanding class of organic compounds that are being used widely in commercial products, cosmetics, pharmaceutical products, fuels, paints and furnishes, polishing liquids and in almost every industry somehow and could make up the 80-90% of the market’s holdings.
Normal spirits that are being used for disinfection purposes are spirits. Many pharmaceutical products contain alcohols such as elixirs, cough syrups and many more. Fuels, paints, these are all organic compounds and comprise of alcoholic groups. Alcohols are also used in microbiological studies, For research purposes. Many drinks that are being consumed occasionally contain alcohols such as vodka, beers, wine and etc.
1540s (early 15th century. as alcofol), “fine powder produced by sublimation,” from Medieval Latin alcohol “powdered ore of antimony,” from Arabic al-kuhul “kohl,” the fine metallic powder used to darken the eyelids, from kahala “to stain, paint.” The al- is the Arabic definite article, “the.”
Paracelsus (1493-1541) used the word to refer to a fine powder but also a volatile liquid. By 1670s it was being used in English for “any sublimated substance, the pure spirit of anything,” including liquids. Sense of “intoxicating ingredient in strong liquor” is first recorded 1753, short for alcohol of wine, which was extended to “the intoxicating element in fermented liquors.” In organic chemistry, the word was extended 1850 to the class of compounds of the same type as this.
Paragraphs for etymology have been extracted from the below reference.
Chemistry of Alcohols:
In order to understand the chemistry of alcohols, First we need to understand a little bit chemistry.
What is Chemistry? Well, Chemistry is the branch of science that is concerned with the substances of which matter is composed, the investigation of their properties and reactions, and the use of such reactions to form new substances. Or in simple words, It may be defined as ” Chemistry is the branch of science which deals with the composition of matter and its physical and chemical properties ”.
Chemistry has been further sub branched into many classes but here we will divide it into two branches for our own ease. So, Chemistry is further divided into inorganic and organic chemistry.
Inorganic chemistry is concerned with the properties and behavior of inorganic compounds, which include metals, minerals, and organo-metallic compounds. Examples of inorganic compounds may include water, acids, salts, iron compounds and etc.
While organic chemistry is defined as the study of carbon-containing compounds and inorganic chemistry is the study of the remaining subset of compounds other than organic compounds, there is overlap between the two fields (such as organo-metallic compounds, which usually contain a metal or metalloid bonded directly to carbon). Example of organic compounds may include ethanol, butanol, acetones, ketones, carboxylic acids, fuels and many more.
Chemically, Alcohols comprise of carbon chains of any length having atleast one hydroxyl group attached to any of the carbon. Hydroxyl group ( -OH group ) is a mandatory factor to call any compound alcoholic.
A diagram has been quoted above to ease our understanding about alcohols. As it can be seen, There is a carbon chain comprises of four carbons having their bonds with hydrogen but there is also one hydroxyl group attached to the second carbon. This hydroxyl group represents alcoholic group and in the field of chemistry, Hydroxyl groups are being called as alcoholic groups. Hence, the overall compound is alcoholic in nature.
Alcohols are the widely used organic compounds in today’s markets. Their importance and consumption plays a key role in world’s economy. World’s Statistical reports show huge alcohol consumption in different regions of the world, in different ages of people as well.
Such class of organic compounds have rooted strongly worldwide. Its demand reaches to almost 80-90% of the world’s industrial zones. However, there are some dark sides of this specific class of organic compound and that would be discussed in the coming blogs.
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